The Solano Anti-Trafficking Coalition's proposed DATA project would establish a compilation of local statistical information regarding human trafficking for law enforcement agencies and nonprofits as well as for advocates and the public.
California consistently has the highest human trafficking rates in the United States, with over 1,500 cases reported in 2019. The vast majority of these reported cases were sex trafficking cases. Most of the sex trafficking cases reported in California were illicit massage and spa businesses and hotel or motel based.
Vacaville Police Department reports that from 2019-2020, the department has taken:
- 9 reports related to pimping and/or pandering (with 6 arrests made, 3 cases pending arrests and 6 victims located)
- 1 report related to human trafficking of an adult (with 1 arrest and 1 victim located)
- 4 reports related to human trafficking of a minor (with 3 arrests, 1 warrant issued, and 2 victims located)
- 12 reports of prostitution (UC operations and massage establishments investigations totaling 11 arrests)
From 2019-2020, Solano Child Welfare Services (CWS) received 36 commercially sexually exploited children referrals (CSEC) on its 24/7 hotline, 32 of which were unduplicated. Of these cases, 21 required CWS intervention, and 11 were referred out to other agencies. All suspected victims are female. 50% of the suspected victims are white.
In 2020, Sacramento's crackdown resulted in 46 arrests for soliciting for prostitution and human trafficking- more than twice as many arrests as in 2019. Since September 2015, Sacramento County Child Protective Services has identified 199 adolescents who were sexually exploited or at risk of being sexually exploited. 98% of those youth are female with the median age of 13-17. 45% of those youth are African American.
US National Human Trafficking Data:
Victims and Survivors Identified: 22, 326
Victims and Survivors Identified by Trafficking Form:
- Sex Trafficking: 14,597
-Labor trafficking: 4,934
- Sex and Labor: 1,048
- Not specified: 1,747
In FY 2019, the Department of Homeland Security opened 1,024 investigations related to human trafficking, an increase from 849 in FY 2018. The Department of Justice formally opened 607 human trafficking investigations, a decrease from 657 in FY 2018.
As of 2016, an estimated 40.3 million people in the world are in modern slavery, including 24.9 million in forced labor and 15.4 million in forced marriage.
1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children.
Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labor, 16 million are exploited in the private sector such as domestic work, construction or agriculture. 4.8 million persons are in forced sexual exploitation. 4 million persons are in forced labor imposed by state authorities.
Women and girls are disproportionately affected by forced labor, accounting for 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors.
In 2017, an estimated 1 out of 7 endangered runaways reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children were likely child sex trafficking victims.
??? Who is heat watch? What year is the article from?
According to Alameda County's H.E.A.T. Watch, at-risk youth in the Oakland area who are subject to commercial sexual exploitation are of the following breakdown:
- 98% female
Of this group:
- 64% African American
- 15% Latinx
- 11% Caucasian
City and County of San Francisco
this is a bit of a controversial article, as it points out that SFPD has been targeting victims and sex workers, creating a combative/avoidant relationship between LEOs and victims/sex workers. Are there other sources of data focused on human trafficking?